Department of Human Anatomy and Physiology was founded in 1963. Its first leader was Assoc. Prof., Dr. Boris Polnarev who worked previously at the Department of Human Physiology at the Medical University of Plovdiv. He was the first lecturer on the subject Physiology of humans and animals. In 1968, Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ivan Petrov joined the department and he took up the difficult task to open, equip and provide with personnel potential the unit of Anatomy. In 1972, the Department began postgraduates’ training and their first thesis defenses were held in 1975. In the coming years, the staff of the department was constantly replenished; six doctoral dissertations and one of a Doctor of biological sciences were successfully defended. Currently, at the Department there are three structural units functioning: Human anatomy, Human Physiology and Anthropology. The Department disposes of Anatomical Museum and Research Laboratory of Paleoanthropology. A rich Anatomic and Paleoanthropological bone collection is maintained. For the purposes of teaching and research, there is also a vivarium for experimental animals. At present, a professor DSc, an associate professor PhD, 3 Chief assistant professors PhDs, 3 assistants and 2 biology-experts work in the Department of Human Anatomy and Physiology.
The scientific research at the Department of Human Anatomy and Physiology are in the fields of physical anthropology, immunity (immunomodulation and serology) and hematology. Scientists are developing fundamental problems related to the study of body composition in humans, the dynamics of developmental processes, standards for individual monitoring and constitutional peculiarities of children and adolescents in the contemporary life condition.
In immunological direction, the research is conducted on biological and protective properties of immunostimulants. In the field of serology, research is conducted on erythrocyte, serum and enzyme systems and their geographical differentiation in different subpopulations. In the field of hematology, attention is paid on the influence of heavy metals on the hematological indices of freshwater fish.
Specific research topics:
- Physiology of humans and animals – a study of the physiological parameters of blood and urine in humans. Blood group systems – ABO, Rh. Study of the hematological parameters of experimental animals under conditions of different environmental impacts.
- Immunity and zoonoses -epidemiological and immunological studies of brucellosis and toxoplasmosis. Immunomodulation.
- Physical Anthropology – somatotype of contemporary generation children and adolescents. Study of the nutritional status and the influence of socio-economical factors. Fluctuating asymmetry and sexual dimorphism of dermatoglyphic images.
- Serological anthropology-study of blood group erythrocyte, serum and enzyme factors in Bulgarians. Hemogenetic research and allele frequencies of MtDNA in Bulgarians.
Mladen Marinov Naidenov
Emilia Atanasova Andreenko
Darinka Kamenova Bojadzhieva-Doychinova
Atanas Dimov Arnaudov
Zhivko Marinov Zhelev
Stefan Todorov Sivkov
Slavi Atanasov Tineshev
Nadezhda Dimitrova Petrova
Daniela Georgieva Mollova-Doshkova
Zdravko Atanasov Adjaliiski